Government courier

Private "Courier Service" in Moscow (rendering services in Russian Federation)

— in some armies, a member of the military police, a military or a government courier in Russia.
Feldjäger is a courier who is responsible for delivering all-important government documents.

Service Order

About the Government Courier Service

In any modern state, there are special bodies and branches of government that safeguard State secrets. This helps to protect State secrets and facilities that are relevant to them, not only at the legal but also at the power level. The powers of authorities are granted by a special legal regime and special legislative acts.

In the process of state activity, there is a need for constant use of sensitive data and information. At the same time, at the level of communication between authorities and departments, there should be control over dissemination of information, as well as prevention of its leakage. This is a particularly difficult task in the age of information technology. In order to avoid breaches of secrecy and to prevent possible information failures, there is a special state body, which is called the Government Courier Service of Russian Federation. This article is to examine legal framework, authority and the structure of the body.

Concept of Government Courier jobs in Russia

Communication is the primary function of a courier service. It’s an executive body that provides interaction of interdepartmental structures using information of State secret. The Service exists to transmit, deliver and disseminate information, which initiated another name for the agency, the Special Federal Courier Service.

The Service is entrusted with many functions of public importance. The organization has a wide range of powers and plays a large amount of roles in public activities. That is why the Service is managed directly by the Russian President only. The Courier Service began in the early 20th century and has a rich history.

History of the State Power Structure

For the first time, an agency whose existence is still a mystery for the majority of inhabitants emerged during the time of Peter I. At that time, the Service was responsible for the escorting of particularly valuable papers, cargo and passengers.

The number of units in the organization has grown further, and its functions have been somewhat modified with the change of state regime and during the coup.

History of Courier Service in the USSR

In the USSR, the preparation of the first units of the GCS began in 1918. The need of forming the structure was caused by the mass of secret data and State secrets. It had to be monitored during transport and storage. Without it, the government couldn’t achieve the implementation of the domestic objectives. In the Soviet Union, the work of the Service was more important than ever and the importance of the agency was constantly underscored by the state’s genuine interest in its work.

Since 1938, there has been reconfiguration of units that have now entered the People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs. Members of the Courier Service were involved in delivering the most valuable goods, secret data and people in need of extra protection.

Such functions of the organization remained until the 80s of the XX century, when the slow metamorphosis began and the structure acquired its modern features.

Current Tasks of the Russian Courier Service

In the XXI century, the Russian Courier Service changed its structure and role in the State apparatus. At the present stage, the role of the structure is to::

  1. Transport of governmental correspondence.
  2. Deliver letters and cargo from official representatives (ambassadors and heads) of other countries.
  3. 3. Monitor activities of the entities comprising the organization.

In addition, the members of the organization deliver correspondence that is sent to or addressed to certain services. There are other roles in the structure that are equally important for the functioning of the State apparatus.

Bodies Whose Correspondence Is to Be Delivered by Couriers

Any correspondence from the following persons and institutions shall always be delivered by members of the Russian Courier Service::

  1. President.
  2. Public authorities and the Public Prosecutor’s office.
  3. Administrative secret objects of production and military nature.
  4. Intelligence agencies.
  5. Ministry of Defense and Ministry of Internal Affairs.
  6. Federal Security and Safety Service.

Correspondence must be delivered not only among the entities, but also if at least one of the bodies and persons listed above is the sender or recipient of the documentation.

Rights of the State Courier Service of the Russian Federation

In order to provide a range of functions, GCS has a number of powers. These powers far surpass the capacity of most other government departments. The rights of the Courier Services Agency include::

  1. To deliver data throughout the world, not only within the Russian Federation but also abroad.
  2. No governmental body is authorized to detain and inspect the information and correspondence, regardless of the type of transport used.
  3. Members of the Agency are permitted to use any kind of weapon and physical force in the execution of orders and their direct duties.
  4. Members of the Agency have high levels of access.
  5. Transport of GCS cannot be used by other bodies for their own purposes without the formal permission of the Service’s command, etc.

The Government Couriers Service, as a paramilitary organization, has exceptional opportunities, in particular, the use of physical force and weapons.

Legal characteristics of activities
The rights and duties of the Agency are enshrined at the legislative level. Most legal aspects are written in the Russian Constitution. Courier contracts are regulated due to the whole bunch of laws in such a way that the rights and freedoms of a citizen are not violated in the high performance of the Service.

Further legal activity of the Organization is regulated by::

  1. Federal Courier Communications Act.
  2. Regulation «On the State courier service of the Russian Federation».

Changes in the functions and rights of the Organization are made by decree of the President of the Russian Federation, the decisions of the Russian government and other legislative acts.

Organization Structure

Like all other public power structures, GCS has a clear structure. It comprises units of the central apparatus which guarantees a high effectiveness of objectives. Additionally, there are territorial units and divisions in the major cities of the Russian Federation.

In order to ensure the rapid transport of goods, there are subordinate organizations in the Service that also perform a number of functions. At the same time, the direct interaction with other organs and services is done through the Government Courier Service divisions, which are the smallest structural unit.

Special Functions of GCS

Government Courier Service performs exceptionally special tasks. Contract for courier services may include transport of special information to be seized by both foreign organizations and a number of interested persons. In addition, the Agency carries out transport of important documents in the conduct of public elections.


So the represented organization plays a very important role working with sensitive materials and confidential correspondence. More information on the role of the Service in the legal State activities of the Russian Federation can be taken from the relevant State acts.